Parting of the Ways
California Road at Raft River
in 1811 the first white expedition to go through this area of the Snake River and the lower end of
the Raft River Valley was the Wilson price Hunt expedition from St. Louis to Astoria. However, the
area was well known to the French and British trappers.
The California Cutoff was first proven a feasible route in 1826 by Peter Skene Ogden and his
Snake Brigade who crossed Granite Pass. Joseph Chiles, in 1842, with Joseph Walker as
guide, eight wagons, and thirty emigrants, turned southwest here and headed to California. Walker defined the California
Wagon Trail from here to the Humboldt and to California. John C. Fremont camped September 26, 1843, on the Raft River.
From 1843-48, the California Cutoff was the main route from here, southwest to the City of Rocks.
Between 1841 and 1860, about 500,000 people passed this point. Before 1848, more than 100,000 emigrants turned here
on their California journey. The route continued to be used until the railroads connected in 1869.
The Parting of the Ways could be called Decision Point because here some people finally decided between heading to Oregon or California. As noted in the diary of H. M. Judson,
August 11, 1862, “ bid goodbye to they take the California road, we keep our eyes
straight ahead. No tear shed, no regrets expressed. We feel
considerable relieved and think we have had our train purged of many a contrary stubborn disposition and
shall have less contention and fault finding.”
When the California Trail met the Salt Lake Cutoff, mamy pioneers took that trail into the Salt Lake Valley. Returning
members of theMormon Battalion, traveling east, pioneered
a route to Salt Lake. Addison Pratt, of the Mormon Battalion,
named “Twin Sisters” in the City of Rocks. This route was
used by 25,000 travelers in1849-1850, and thousands
more passed through until 1869. An estimated one-third
of the forty-niners traveled this way.